Thang Long - Hanoi Citadel [ Vietnam ]

cultural property

      2008-2009 | listed in 2010 | français | english

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As part of the Nomination file of the Thang Long Citadel to the World Heritage List, which was submitted by the Socialist Republic of Vietnam to the World Heritage Center in January 2009, RC Heritage was mandated by the Ile-de-France region and the Popular Committee of Hanoi to complete the two following missions: assisting the preparation of the Nomination file and elaborating the Management Plan. The site was listed on the World Heritage List on July 2010.

The vestiges of Thang Long citadel – where the first capital of the Vietnamese Independent Empire was established in 1010 – represent the original core around which crystallized national identity in the following centuries. They acquire therefore an extraordinary symbolic value for Vietnam, and the site of the citadel – where are already located the centre of political power and some of the most visited monuments of the country – is meant to become the major tourist pole of the country.

The Management Plan – that was elaborated as an integral part of the Nomination File submitted by Vietnam to the Secretariat of the World Heritage Centre in January 2009 – proposes a coherent general vision built upon the heritage significance of the site.

The Management Plan details the protective and conservation measures proposed for the monuments and archaeological remains of Thang Long Citadel to insure that the significance of the citadel is preserved and that Hanoi citizens and visitors might have the opportunity to get acquainted with the history of the city throughout the ages. The implementation of this Management Plan in the heart of a rapidly developing Asian capital is a major challenge for the city’s administrators. The careful planning of the tourist development of this sector according to the principles of cultural tourism is the key element of a plan that aims at preserving a fragile urban site while in the meantime transforming it into a major source of revenues for the local economy.


CRT IdF, France et Comité populaire de Hanoi, Vietnam


RC Heritage avec Valéry Patin, expert en tourisme culturel et économie du patrimoine


janvier 2008 / janvier 2009


UNESCO Centre du Patrimoine mondia / Hanoi Citadel

IMV Hanoi

Mission RC Heritage